Gandhi Jayanti 2024-Celebrating The Legacy of the “Father of the Nation”

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on 2 October 1869; hence the day is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti. It is a national holiday celebrated annually in India with utmost devotion and enthusiasm.

Gandhi Jayanti is also celebrated in other parts of the world, where the United Nations declared the day as International Day of Nonviolence. Mahatma Gandhi is also widely regarded as the "Father of the Nation" because he was the main figure behind India's independence from British colonial rule.

On this day, schools, colleges, universities and government offices remain closed, and various cultural programs, prayers, bhajans and events are organised to pay him homage.

People also visit his Samadhi and other places associated with him and participate in peace marches to promote Gandhi's values and principles of non-violence, truth and simplicity.

Who was Mahatma Gandhi?

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat.

He was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist and political ethicist who established non-violent resistance to lead India's successful campaign for independence from British rule as well as inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Mahatma Gandhi is also known as the "Father of the Nation" because of his leadership and immense contribution to India's freedom struggle. Gandhi believed in nonviolent civil disobedience and instinctively fought to promote peace, justice, and equality.

He was assassinated by Nathuram Godse in New Delhi on January 30, 1948. However, his legacy and teachings of truthfulness, simplicity and self-discipline continue to inspire people worldwide and are still celebrated.

Why is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated?

Gandhi Jayanti is an occasion celebrated in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It is a national holiday of India celebrated every year on 2nd October with joy and devotion.

On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly issued a resolution declaring that every year on 2nd October will be observed as the International Day of Non-Violence because Gandhi was a non-violent freedom fighter.

Gandhi fought relentlessly for independence from British colonial rule, so Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose gave Gandhi the title "Father of the Nation".

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Indian Constitution Day, History & Celebrations

What is the significance of Gandhi Jayanti?

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in India to honour and pay tribute to the "Father of the Nation", who helped liberate the country from British colonial rule.

Every year on 2 October, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi.

Gandhi showed the power of ethics and values such as ahimsa (non-violence) and swaraj (freedom). Gandhi inspired thousands of people to join him during the Dandi March in 1930 and the Quit India Movement of 1942.

He is a firm believer in truth and non-violence who worked tirelessly to make India a secular country and also guided the people to fight for their rights. He also denounced untouchability and the caste system in India. 

Where is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated?

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with great zeal across India, with Delhi being one of the major attractions, including the Raj Ghat, a memorial dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi.

On Gandhi Jayanti, many people gather here to pay homage to Mahatma Gandhi, as well as at India Gate, Connaught Place and Red Fort. Gandhi Jayanti is also celebrated with great enthusiasm in Ahmedabad and Maharashtra. 

The Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, also known as the Gandhi Ashram, is one of India's major centres of the freedom struggle movement. This was the ashram where Gandhi began his pursuit of non-violence, peaceful protest and truth.

The Sevagram Ashram, located in Wardha, Pune, is the ashram where Gandhi started his experimental laboratory from 1934 to 1940.

The Aga Khan Palace in Maharashtra where Mahatma Gandhi, his wife Kasturba Gandhi and secretary Mahadev Desai were imprisoned during the Quit India Movement.

Last but not least, Gandhi Smriti in Delhi, where Nathuram Godse assassinated Gandhiji, today the place has been conserved as Gandhi Smriti.

How is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated in 2024?

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated enthusiastically across India, from schools, colleges and universities to government and private sectors. The celebration begins with Raghupati Raghav, one of Gandhi's popular songs, followed by various cultural activities, patriotic songs, and dances.

To pay tribute, a memorial service is held where people remember the Mahatma's teachings and principles of truthfulness, non-violence and simplicity and make speeches. In addition, all Indian political leaders pay homage by visiting Rajghat, New Delhi, where the samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi is located.


Gandhi Jayanti is one of the important days for India as it marks the birth anniversary of the "Father of India", Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi played a crucial role in India's freedom struggle and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the globe.

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on 2nd October enthusiastically with various cultural programmes, prayers and bhajans.

The United Nations has declared the day as the International Day of Nonviolence. Even after Gandhi’s death, his legacy is still ruling, and his teachings of truth, non-violence, and self-discipline inspire the world. 

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Revolutionary Movements led by ‘Gandhi’

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