Platinum Group Metal Mining

An Overview of the Industry
Platinum Group Metal Mining

Platinum Group Metal Mining

Platinum Group Metal Mining

Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) are a group of six metallic elements that share similar chemical and physical properties. These metals include platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium.

PGMs are rare and valuable metals that have a wide range of industrial applications, including catalytic converters, jewellery, and electronics.

In this article, we will provide an overview of the PGM mining industry, including the extraction and processing of these metals, their applications, and the challenges facing the industry.

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What Is PGM Mining

The majority of the world's PGMs are found in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa, the Great Dyke in Zimbabwe, and the Norilsk-Talnakh deposit in Russia.

Other significant deposits can be found in Canada, the United States, and the Sudbury Basin.

PGMs are typically extracted from sulfide ores through a process called froth flotation, which involves crushing and grinding the ore, adding water and chemicals, and frothing the mixture to separate the sulfide minerals from the rest of the ore.

Once the PGMs have been extracted, they are typically refined through a series of chemical processes, including smelting, electrorefining, and precipitation. The final product is a purified form of metal, which can be sold to manufacturers for use in a variety of applications.

Applications of PGMs

PGMs are widely used in a range of industrial applications, including:

Catalytic converters: Platinum, palladium, and rhodium are used in catalytic converters to reduce harmful emissions from vehicles.

Jewellery: Platinum is a popular metal for jewellery due to its durability, corrosion resistance, and lustre.

Electronics: PGMs are used in a range of electronic devices, including hard disk drives, LCD screens, and fuel cells.

Chemical production: PGMs are used as catalysts in a range of chemical processes, including the production of fertilisers, plastics, and pharmaceuticals.

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Challenges Facing the PGM Mining Industry

The PGM mining industry faces a range of challenges, including:

Environmental concerns: The mining and processing of PGMs can have a significant impact on the environment, including water pollution, air pollution, and land degradation.

Labour issues: The PGM mining industry has faced criticism for its labour practices, including low wages, poor working conditions, and the use of child labour.

Supply chain issues: The majority of PGMs are produced in a few countries, which can create supply chain issues and price volatility.

Technological challenges: The extraction and processing of PGMs can be technically challenging and requires significant investment in research and development.


The PGM mining industry plays an important role in the global economy, providing valuable metals that are used in a range of industrial applications.

However, the industry faces a range of challenges, including environmental concerns, labour issues, supply chain issues, and technological challenges.

As the demand for PGMs continues to grow, it will be important for the industry to address these challenges in a responsible and sustainable manner.

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