Hartalika Teej is a three-day fast (vrat) that marks the honour of Goddess Parvati. In the word Hartalika Teej, 'Harat' means abduction and 'Aalika' means a female friend, and Teej means 'three'. Hartalika Teej vrat is observed by both married and unmarried women. Married women observe the fast for their marital blessings, and unmarried women observe this Hartalika Teej fast for a good husband. On this auspicious day, women celebrate this day by singing traditional songs and also enjoy the arrival of the monsoon. Hartalika Teej is celebrated on the Tritiya of Shukla Paksha of Bhadra month (August-September) as per the Hindu calendar. This year this festival will be celebrated on Monday, 18 September 2023.
Hartalika Teej is one of the prominent fasts of Hindus. According to the Hindu calendar, it is celebrated on Tritiya Tithi (3rd day) of Shukla Paksha (waning phase of the moon) in the month of Bhadrapada (August-September). In 2023, Hartalika Teej will be celebrated on 18th September 2023, Monday. Hartalika Teej is performed during Pradosh Kaal, the time when day and night coincide. It is said that Lord Shiva and goddess Parvati hold a special belief on the third day of Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month, and that is why these deities are worshipped in this month. Hartalika Teej Vrat is observed by both married and unmarried women as well as widow women are also allowed to observe this fast. It is believed that after Goddess Parvati got Lord Shiva as her husband, she was the first to observe this fast. According to the belief, keeping fast of Hartalika Teej brings marital happiness.
On Hartalkia Teej, women who are observing the fast are not allowed to consume the water they can intake water the next day after breaking the fast. If Hartalika Teej Vrat is observed, it cannot be left undone and should be done with proper rites and rituals. On this auspicious day, those observing the fast stay awake all night and celebrate the day by singing religious hymns. During Hartaika Teej, handmade idols of Lord Shiva, Ganesha and Goddess Parvati are made from sand and black soil. The places of worship where Lord Shiva, Ganesha and Goddess Parvati are kept are decorated with flowers, banana leaves and many other things. After placing the deities, devotees start Hartalika Teej with Shodashopachara Puja. During the Shodashopachara Puja, traditional men's dress, Dhoti and Angocha are offered to Lord Shiva. After this puja, sacred stories and jagarans are performed at night. Then, the next day after the morning aarti, Goddess Parvati is offered cucumber sweets and sindoor (vermilion), after which the fast is broken.
Hartalika Teej is an important Teej festival for Hindu women and is celebrated with great enthusiasm in India, including Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar. In Rajasthan, a huge procession of Goddess Parvati is carried out with traditional music, singing and dancing. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, Hartalika Teej Vrat is celebrated as Gauri Habba, where married women fast for a blissful married life from Goddess Gauri (Parvati).
Hartalika Teej is one of the important Teej festivals for Hindu women, celebrated in honour of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva. Married women observe Hartalika Teej vrat for the long life of their husbands, and unmarried women keep fast to get a good husband. Hartalika Teej is mainly celebrated in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra. In South India, it is known as Gauri Habba or Golden Gauri.
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