Guru Ravidas Jayanti is celebrated in honour of Guru Ravidas, the esteemed saint of the Bhakti movement during the 15th to 16th centuries.
The day is celebrated especially in North India, and a special event dedicated to Guru Ravidas is also organized every year at the Sri Guru Ravidas Janmasthan Temple.
On this day, people remember his teachings and how Ravidas worked to reform society and eradicate the caste system prejudices.
Devotees of Guru Ravidas celebrate this day by performing aarti and taking a holy bath at the Varanasi ghats. Devotees grandly celebrate Guru Ravidas Jayanti with immense joy and enthusiasm.
Guru Ravidas, an Indian mystic poet-saint, was born in the late 14th century in the village of Seer Govardhanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. He belongs to a low-caste family who were considered untouchables. Guru Ravidas was among the first to argue that all Indians should have basic human rights.
Guru Ravidas was the person who propagated the idea of equality and became a prominent figure in the Bhakti movement. Ravidas was against the social divisions based on caste, gender and status.
Hence, he fought for the dignity and equality of everyone living in the society, irrespective of their caste. Ravidas's contributed 41 devotional songs and poems in the Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib.
Every year the birth anniversary of saint poet Guru Ravidas is celebrated on Magh (January-February) Purnima (full moon day). Although the exact date of birth of Ravidas is unknown, it is widely believed that he was born in 1377 CE in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
Consequently, this year, Guru Ravidas Jayanti will be celebrated on 5th February, Sunday. Guru Ravidas Jayanti is an important day for the follower of the Ravidassia religion.
To mark Guru Ravidas’ birthday, Nagar Kirtan processions are held, where his portrait is carried, particularly in Seer Govardhanpur, a focal point for his devotees. During the procession, individuals dressed up as Guru Ravidas and his supporters.
Along with this, Amritvani Guru Raidas Ji, a holy book of the Ravidassia religion, is recited, special aarti is performed, and prayers are offered in temples dedicated to him, especially in Bhawans.
On this day, Devotees also take a holy dip in the river which is considered part of the customary practice. A grand festival is also organised at Shri Ravidas Janmasthan Temple, Varanasi, to honour him and his teachings.
Devotees from all over the country come there to celebrate Guru Ravidas Jayanti. On this special occasion, all the Gurudwaras across the nation are decorated with colourful lights and special prayer meetings dedicated to Guru Ravidas are organised.
Guru Ravidas Jayanti 2023 will be celebrated on 5 February. Guru Ravidas, also known as Raidas, Rohidas and Ruhudas, is a renowned saint of the North Indian Bhakti movement.
Ravidas was born into an untouchable family in Varanasi during 1377-1527 C.E. Many of his devotional songs and verses greatly influenced the Bhakti movement. Guru Ravidas Jayanti is celebrated enthusiastically in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Chhattisgarh.
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