Eid-Milad-un-Nabi or Eid-e-Milad is also known as Nabi Day, Mawlid, Muhammad's Birthday or Prophet's Birthday. The day marks the birth anniversary and death anniversary of the prophet of Islam, Prophet Muhammad. It is one of the important festivals for Muslims as the devotees celebrate this day as kindness and compassion, which is the teaching of the Prophet Muhammad. In India, Eid Milad un Nabi is considered an official holiday where government offices, post offices, banks, schools, universities and other educational institutions are closed for the day. Not all, but some private sectors also observe a holiday on this day or provide a holiday for Muslim employees. On the other hand, Muslim stores, shops and businesses are also closed or partially closed for the day, especially in Muslim-majority areas.
Milad Un Nabi, also known as Mawlid, is celebrated on the 12th day of Rabi-ul Awwal, the third month according to the Islamic calendar. This year Eid Milad Un Nabi will start on 27 September and end on 28 September 2023, Thursday evening (depending on the moon sighting). According to the historical text, Prophet Muhammad was born in Saudi Arabia on the 12th day of Rabi-ul Awwal in 570 CE and died in 632 CE. Prophet Muhammad was the prophet of Islam because, during his life, he founded Islam. Besides being the founder of Islam, Prophet Muhammad was also a famous religious, social and political leader. Shia Muslims celebrate this day on the 12th day, and Sunni Muslims celebrate this day on the 17th day of the third month of Rabi' al-Awwal as per the Islamic calendar.
On this holy day, sweets are distributed among everyone after the prayers. Honey is an important dessert to be shared among all, as it is believed that honey was the favourite sweet of Prophet Muhammad. Muslims go to the mosque, where sermons and prayers are offered to the Almighty and Prophet Muhammad. Along with this, discussions on Muhammad and Islamic history are also organised in which people participate with their friends and family. Muslims in India sing songs in public places on the occasion of Eid Milad Un Nabi, in which the popular song is Maulud. According to Islamic traditions, the song affirms good fortune and loyalty to God. During Eid Milad un Nabi, Muslims also observe Barah Wafat, a holy festival where people mourn the death of Prophet Muhammad. The festival marks the 12 days of Muhammad's illness and his eventual death to heaven. In this festival, the symbol of Prophet Muhammad is placed in a glass casket and paraded publicly.
This holy day is also observed as the birth anniversary of Prophet Muhammad and the death anniversary of Prophet Muhammad. Eid Milad-un-Nabi in 2023 will be celebrated on 28 September 2023, Thursday. On this holy day, Muslims accumulate in a large numbers at the mosque for prayer and also recite multiple sermons from the life and deeds of Muhammad. On this day, various dishes are also prepared along with an important sweet dish, seviyan (vermicelli in sweetened milk), which is distributed among everyone remembering the good deeds of Prophet Muhammad.
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