With a pandemic already in action around the world taking thousands of lives and disturbing the economic ecosystem, any virus is making to the headlines today on 25th March 2020 called the Hanta Virus. The virus has already taken a life of a man from Yunnan Province who died while on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a bus on 23rd March 2020.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the life-threatening hantaviruses are a family of viruses which are spread mainly by rodents and can cause varied diseases in people. The virus not only causes fatal illness but also hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).
Consisting of several different viruses, the disease is not airborne and can only spread to people if they come in contact with urine, faeces, and saliva of rodents and less frequently by a bite from an infected host.
a gnawing mammal of an order that includes rats, mice, squirrels, hamsters, porcupines, and their relatives, distinguished by strong constantly growing incisors and no canine teeth. They constitute the largest order of mammals.
The CDC also said rodent population control is the primary strategy for preventing hantavirus infections.
One should avoid any activity that puts them into the risk of acquiring Hantavirus. In the list of What one should avoid is any activity that puts you in contact with rodent droppings, urine, saliva, or nesting materials can place you at risk for infection, including the house cleaning services especially in a house that are prone to have become the shelter of the rodents, and the work-related exposure in buildings where the construction, utility and pest control workers work.
It can be related to opening or cleaning cabins, sheds, and outbuildings, including barns, garages and storage facilities Hantavirus is spread when virus-containing particles from rodent urine, droppings, or saliva are stirred into the air. It is important to avoid actions that raise dust, such as sweeping or vacuuming. Infection occurs when you breathe in virus particles.
According to the source CDC website, "Hantaviruses in the Americas are known as "New World" hantaviruses and may cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Other hantaviruses, known as "Old World" hantaviruses, are found mostly in Europe and Asia and may cause haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).
For Indians, one should be aware of the risks and precautions:
All this information by the CDC is helpful and should be taken into consideration to avoid the situation of the havoc that is caused by reading information online.