Nestled in the southern coastal region of India, Andhra Pradesh is a state brimming with history, culture, and progress. Its capital, Amaravati, showcases a blend of old and new, reflecting the state's dynamic spirit. With its beautiful landscapes and lively cities, Andhra Pradesh offers a peek into the heart of South India, inviting everyone to explore its wonders.

A Land of Diversity and Heritage

Andhra Pradesh, spanning over 162,970 square kilometres, is the seventh-largest state in India, boasting a diverse landscape that ranges from pristine beaches to lush hill stations.

The state shares its borders with Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and the Bay of Bengal. Its extensive coastline, stretching over 974 kilometres, offers breathtaking views and thriving marine life.

The history of Andhra Pradesh is as ancient as it is illustrious. Dating back to the 8th century BCE, the region witnessed the migration of the Andhras from North India, as documented in the Rigvedic text Aitareya Brahmana.

Over the centuries, Andhra Pradesh flourished under various dynasties, including the Satavahanas, Pallavas, Eastern Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, and Vijayanagara Empire, each leaving behind a legacy of architectural marvels and cultural treasures.

Cultural Marvels and Natural Wonders

Andhra Pradesh is a treasure trove of cultural marvels and natural wonders. The state's rich Buddhist heritage is evident in the numerous monastery ruins, chaityas, and stupas scattered across its landscapes.

Sites like the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati and the Pancharama Kshetras beckon pilgrims from far and wide, while the Araku Valley and Horsley Hills offer a tranquil retreat amidst nature's splendour.

<div class="paragraphs"><p><strong>Tirumala Venkateswara Temple</strong></p></div>

Tirumala Venkateswara Temple

Tirumala Venkateswara Temple

Renowned for its agricultural prowess, Andhra Pradesh is aptly known as the "Rice Bowl of India." The fertile plains nurtured by rivers like Krishna, Godavari, and Penna yield abundant harvests, contributing significantly to the nation's food security.

Notable products like Banganapalle mangoes, Bandar Laddu, and Kondapalli toys have earned global acclaim, showcasing the state's rich culinary heritage and artistic finesse.

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Economic Powerhouse and Technological Hub

Andhra Pradesh's Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) for 2022–23 is estimated at ₹1,317,728 crore (US$170 billion), with agriculture contributing 36.19%, industry 23.36%, and services 40.45%. The state has recorded a robust growth rate of 7.02%.

In terms of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), Andhra Pradesh ranks 4th overall, with notable achievements in affordable energy and marine conservation. Since bifurcation in 2014–15, the state has exhibited impressive economic growth, ranking eighth in GSDP.

The visionary leadership of stalwarts like N. Chandrababu Naidu and current Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy has propelled Andhra Pradesh into the digital age, earning accolades for initiatives like e-governance and IT infrastructure development.

The Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota stands as a beacon of India's space exploration endeavours, symbolising the state's prowess in cutting-edge technology and innovation.


<div class="paragraphs"><p><strong>Biodiversity of&nbsp;Andhra Pradesh</strong></p></div>

Biodiversity of Andhra Pradesh

Biodiversity of Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh boasts diverse flora and fauna, supported by its varied landscapes. Dense tropical forests thrive in the Eastern Ghats, gradually transitioning into shrub vegetation in the peneplains.

Noteworthy species like teak, Terminalia, and Pterocarpus contribute to the state's vegetation, alongside rare and endemic plants such as Cycas beddomei and Pterocarpus santalinus. Mangrove ecosystems, like those found in Coringa, highlight the state's ecological richness.

The fauna includes iconic species like tigers, leopards, and sea turtles, alongside a plethora of birds and reptiles. Andhra Pradesh hosts numerous sanctuaries and national parks, serving as vital habitats for its diverse wildlife.

Mineral Wealth

With its diverse geological formations, Andhra Pradesh harbours a wealth of mineral resources. Notably, it leads to mica deposits in India and boasts reserves of limestone, manganese, iron ore, and various other minerals.

The state's significant reserves of baryte and galaxy granite contribute to its prominence in the mining sector. Additionally, Andhra Pradesh possesses substantial reserves of oil, natural gas, and uranium, further underlining its geological significance.


The climate of Andhra Pradesh varies considerably, depending on the geographical region. Summers last from March to June, characterised by higher temperatures, particularly in the coastal plain.

The southwest monsoon brings tropical rains from July to September, followed by the northeast monsoon from October to December, affecting the southern and coastal regions.

Winters, from November to February, are relatively mild, with coastal areas experiencing temperate conditions. Notably, areas like Lambasingi exhibit cooler temperatures, earning the name "Kashmir of Andhra Pradesh." The state receives significant rainfall, which is vital for its agricultural activities and ecological balance.

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Based on the 2011 Census of India, Andhra Pradesh has a population of 49,577,103, with a density of 304/km2. The state is predominantly rural, with 70.53% of the population residing in rural areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute 17.08% and 5.53% of the population, respectively.

Children aged 0–6 years comprise 10.6% of the total population. The sex ratio stands at 997 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average.

Telugu is the primary language, spoken by nearly 90% of the population, with Urdu as the second official language. The literacy rate is 67.35%, with significant variations across districts.

Government and Politics

Andhra Pradesh has a bicameral legislative structure, with a legislative assembly comprising 175 members and a legislative council with 58 members. The state has 11 seats in the Rajya Sabha and 25 seats in the Lok Sabha.

In the 2019 elections, Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy, leader of the YSR Congress Party, assumed office as Chief Minister with a resounding mandate, winning 151 out of 175 seats.


In summary, Andhra Pradesh, located in South India, is a diverse and culturally rich state with a fascinating history and stunning natural beauty. From its ancient Buddhist ruins to its vibrant cities and fertile plains, the state offers a blend of tradition and modernity.

With a booming economy driven by agriculture, industry, and services, Andhra Pradesh is making strides in sustainable development and technological innovation. Its biodiversity, mineral wealth, and favourable climate further contribute to its allure.

Governed by democratic principles, Andhra Pradesh is on a path of inclusive growth, led by visionary leaders. It's a place where heritage meets progress, inviting everyone to explore its wonders and embrace its promising future.

<div class="paragraphs"><p><strong>ANDHRA PRADESH</strong></p></div>

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