Nitish Kumar

The Pragmatic Leader of Bihar
Nitish Kumar

Nitish Kumar

Nitish Kumar, born on March 1, 1951, is a prominent figure in Indian politics and the current Chief Minister of Bihar. His political journey is a testament to resilience, adaptability, and a commitment to the welfare of the people of Bihar. In this article, we will explore the life, career, and key accomplishments of Nitish Kumar, a leader known for his pragmatic governance and focus on development.

Early Life and Entry into Politics

Nitish Kumar was born in Bakhtiarpur, a small town in Bihar. He completed his education in engineering from the Bihar College of Engineering, now known as NIT Patna. His political journey began in the 1970s when he joined the Bihar State Electricity Board as an electrical engineer. His association with the Jayaprakash Narayan-led Bihar Movement of the 1970s laid the foundation for his entry into politics.

Significant Roles and Political Career

  • Janata Dal and Samata Party: Nitish Kumar started his political career as a member of the Janata Dal and was elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly for the first time in 1985. He later became the President of the Youth Wing of the Janata Dal. In 1994, he played a crucial role in forming the Samata Party, a breakaway faction of the Janata Dal, and served as its national secretary.

  • Chief Minister of Bihar: Nitish Kumar was first appointed as the Chief Minister of Bihar in 2005, in alliance with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). His tenure marked a significant turning point in the state's politics, with a focus on good governance, development, and social justice.

  • Resignation and Re-election: In 2014, Nitish Kumar resigned from the post of Chief Minister after his party's poor performance in the general elections. However, he returned to power in Bihar in 2015 after forming a coalition with the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) and the Congress.

  • Prohibition and Women's Empowerment: Nitish Kumar's government implemented policies like the prohibition of alcohol and promoted women's empowerment through initiatives like the "Bicycle Yojana," which provided free bicycles to schoolgirls.

  • Infrastructure and Development: He focused on improving Bihar's infrastructure, including roads, education, healthcare, and rural development, to uplift the living standards of the people.

  • 2020 Bihar Assembly Elections: In the 2020 Bihar Assembly elections, Nitish Kumar's Janata Dal (United) emerged as the largest party in the alliance, securing his fourth term as Chief Minister.

Challenges and Pragmatic Governance

Nitish Kumar's tenure as Chief Minister has not been without challenges. He has had to address issues such as corruption, law and order, and inadequate social infrastructure. His pragmatic approach to governance and his willingness to form alliances with different political parties to ensure stability in the state has allowed him to remain a dominant force in Bihar's politics.


Nitish Kumar's political journey from a young engineer to the Chief Minister of Bihar is a testament to his commitment to the development and welfare of the state. Known for his pragmatic governance, his emphasis on education, healthcare, and social justice has had a transformative impact on Bihar. Nitish Kumar's enduring presence in Bihar's political landscape is a reflection of his adaptability, persistence, and his ability to navigate the complex world of Indian politics.

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