The Group of 20 during the New Delhi Leaders Summit, officially adopted the New Delhi Leaders Summit Declaration, as announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday. He expressed satisfaction that member states had achieved a consensus on this declaration, attributing it to the diligent efforts of their teams and cooperative spirit. Modi conveyed this news while addressing the second session of the Summit at Bharat Mandapam.
The New Delhi Leaders Summit Declaration outlines several commitments by member states:
Promoting Inclusive Growth: Member states pledged to expedite strong, sustainable, balanced, and inclusive economic growth.
Sustainable Development: They committed to advancing the full and effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Climate Action: Member states expressed their dedication to pursuing low-GHG/low-carbon emissions, climate-resilient, and environmentally sustainable development by advocating for an integrated and inclusive approach.
Health Preparedness: Efforts to improve access to medical countermeasures and enhance the capacity for supplies and production in developing countries to address future health emergencies were emphasised.
Debt Vulnerabilities: There is a focus on promoting resilient growth by urgently and effectively addressing debt vulnerabilities in developing countries.
SDG Financing: Member states intend to scale up financing from all available sources to accelerate progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Paris Agreement: Commitment to accelerate efforts and allocate more resources towards achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement, including its temperature targets.
Multilateral Development Banks: Pursuit of reforms to enhance the effectiveness and impact of Multilateral Development Banks in addressing global challenges was highlighted.
Digital Access: Improvement of access to digital services and digital public infrastructure, along with leveraging digital transformation opportunities to promote sustainable and inclusive growth, was emphasised.
Gender Equality: A commitment to closing gender gaps and promoting the full, equal, effective, and meaningful participation of women in the economy as decision-makers was made.
Global Representation: An intention to better integrate the perspectives of developing countries, including Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs), and Small Island Developing States (SIDS), into the future G20 agenda to strengthen their voice in global decision-making.
Prime Minister Modi expressed his gratitude to the ministers, sherpas, and all officials whose hard work made the adoption of this declaration possible.
Regarding the ongoing war in Ukraine, the resolution reiterated the G-20's commitment to their national positions and resolutions adopted at the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly. It underscored the importance of all states adhering to the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter in its entirety. Specifically, it called on all states to refrain from threatening or using force to acquire territory at the expense of the territorial integrity, sovereignty, or political independence of any other state. The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons was deemed inadmissible.
The resolution stressed the importance of peaceful conflict resolution, crisis management efforts, diplomacy, and dialogue, emphasising that the current era should not be marked by war.