National Science Day: A Journey of Discovery and Innovation

Commemorating the Discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by Sir C.V. Raman
National Science Day

National Science Day

National Science Day is a special day in India, celebrated on 28th February each year. It honours the discovery of the Raman Effect and acknowledges the efforts of our scientists. This year, the theme is “Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat”. It's a time for the nation to come together and recognise the importance of science and technology in our development. As we celebrate, The CEO Magazine offers a closer look at National Science Day, its history, and its significance.

What is National Science Day

National Science Day (NSD) is celebrated every year on February 28 in India. It marks the discovery of the "Raman Effect" by Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C.V. Raman). This day is also a chance to recognise and highlight the valuable contributions of our scientific community to the progress of our nation.

Key Facts about National Science Day

Date: February 28

Origin: National Science Day was started in 1987 to honour the discovery of the "Raman Effect" by the esteemed Indian scientist Sir C.V. Raman.

Objective: The main aim of National Science Day is to raise awareness about the significance of science in our daily lives and to promote a scientific mindset among the general public.

Theme: Each year, the theme for National Science Day changes. It is decided by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. The theme for National Science Day 2024 is “Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat”.

The Theme for National Science Day 2024

The theme for National Science Day 2024, "Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat," was unveiled by Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh on February 6, 2024. This theme highlights the achievements of Indian scientists in using home-grown technologies to tackle challenges and improve overall well-being.

National Science Day, celebrated every February 28th, commemorates the discovery of the 'Raman Effect' and promotes science communication activities nationwide. This year's theme launch will inspire celebrations in schools and colleges across the country.

India has made significant strides in various scientific fields, including Artificial Intelligence, Astronomy, Renewable Energy, Climate Research, and Biotechnology. The successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the moon's south pole marked a historic achievement in Indian space exploration.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, India's strong vaccine development capacity demonstrated its readiness to contribute globally to scientific advancement. Additionally, India's progress in Quantum Technology is expected to improve the quality of life for its citizens in the future.

National Science Day 2024 Celebrations

National Science Day 2024 celebrations in India are set to take place on February 28th, continuing the tradition of honouring scientific achievements. This year's theme, "Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat", highlights the importance of home-grown innovations.

The emphasis on indigenous technologies underscores India's commitment to self-reliance and innovation. By focusing on locally developed solutions, the nation aims to foster economic growth, technological advancement, and societal development.

The theme holds particular significance in promoting sustainability, as it encourages the utilisation of resources within the country while addressing pressing challenges. It also celebrates the ingenuity and creativity of Indian scientists and innovators.

Through various events, exhibitions, and programs, National Science Day 2024 will showcase the potential of indigenous technologies to drive progress across various sectors, from healthcare and agriculture to energy and infrastructure.

National Science Day History

National Science Day (NSD) in India has its roots in the late 1920s. Here's a brief overview:

1928: Discovery of Raman Effect

On February 28, 1928, Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman discovered the phenomenon of light scattering in inelastic collisions with matter. This groundbreaking discovery, known as the "Raman Effect," had profound implications for various fields of science.

1930: Nobel Prize for Sir C.V. Raman

In recognition of his discovery, Sir C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. This not only honoured his contribution but also highlighted India's scientific capability on the global stage.

1986: Proposal from NCSTC

In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) proposed to the Government of India to designate February 28 as National Science Day to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect. The aim was to celebrate the discovery and promote scientific awareness among the public.

1987: First National Science Day

The Government of India accepted the proposal, and on February 28, 1987, the first official National Science Day was celebrated. Since then, it has become a significant event in India's academic and scientific communities, fostering scientific thinking and awareness nationwide.

National Science Day Celebrations in India

National Science Day in India is celebrated with a variety of official and public events held throughout the country.

Conferment of National Awards for Science & Technology Communication: This recognises outstanding efforts in popularising science and inspiring young minds towards scientific pursuits.

Radio and Television Programs: These programs aim to promote scientific ideas and foster scientific thinking among the public.

Science Exhibitions and Workshops: Educational institutions organise exhibitions, workshops, and lectures to engage students and the public in scientific concepts and discoveries.

Research Institution Exhibitions: Research institutions showcase their latest advancements and achievements in various scientific fields, allowing the public to learn about cutting-edge research.

Events by Non-Governmental Organisations and Community Groups: NGOs and community groups host events to make science accessible to a wider audience, fostering curiosity and interest in scientific topics.

What are the objectives of the National Science Day Celebration?

The objectives of the National Science Day celebration encompass various aspects of promoting science and scientific thinking. Here are some prominent objectives:

Spreading Awareness: National Science Day aims to spread the message of the importance of science and its applications in everyday life. It emphasises the relevance of scientific knowledge and its impact on society.

Encouraging Youth Participation: The celebration encourages young people to engage in scientific activities and consider pursuing careers in science and technology. It aims to inspire the next generation of scientists and innovators.

Inculcating Scientific Temper: National Science Day fosters a culture of scientific temper by promoting critical thinking, rationality, and evidence-based reasoning among the general public. It encourages people to question, explore, and understand the world through a scientific lens.

Fostering Innovation: The celebration promotes a culture of innovation by showcasing scientific advancements and achievements. It encourages creativity, problem-solving, and experimentation, leading to the development of new ideas and technologies.

National Science Day Significance

The celebration of National Science Day holds immense significance in today's fast-changing world, for several reasons:

Encourages Scientists: By commemorating the discovery of the Raman Effect, we honour our entire scientific community, motivating them to continue their valuable work.

Promotes Science Awareness: Outreach programs during National Science Day raise public awareness about various scientific concepts and recent advancements.

Fosters Scientific Temper: Through lectures, debates, quizzes, and exhibitions, people learn about the latest scientific progress, fostering rational thinking and fulfilling a duty outlined in the Indian Constitution.

Sparks Curiosity in Youth: Engaging activities like exhibitions and workshops introduce children to science in a fun way, igniting their interest and passion for it.

Highlights Indian Science Advancements: National Science Day showcases India's latest achievements in various scientific fields, instilling national pride and inspiring future scientists.

Encourages International Collaboration: By celebrating science nationally, India demonstrates its commitment to global scientific progress and opens avenues for international collaboration.

Strengthens Scientific Foundation: By inspiring future generations to contribute to scientific advancement, National Science Day strengthens India's scientific foundation and prepares it to address global challenges.


National Science Day is more than just a commemoration; it reflects India's journey towards becoming a global scientific leader. Honouring the past, celebrating the present, and envisioning the future, play a vital role in shaping India's scientific progress and creating a better world for all through exploration and innovation.

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