PCOS, defined as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, is a common disorder in the females of the reproductive age i.e. (15 to 44) which also tends to be one of the most undiagnosed and unmanaged in most patients. The hormonal disorder can lead to various health problems due to the direct effect on ovaries. Ovaries are the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone which are the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle and a small amount of male hormone called androgen.
In the medical condition of PCOS, women grow numerous small cysts filled with sacs on the ovaries which lead to different symptoms. With the symptoms that are common things like irregular periods, weight gain, facial and body hair growth, acne, and infertility issues. The women who conceive with PCOS have higher chances of premature delivery, gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, and even miscarriages. In such cases, heart conditions and type 2 diabetes are also commonly seen.
As mentioned, there are various symptoms of PCOS, but for diagnosing the problem, usually, one must have at least two of three main symptoms including high androgen levels, irregular periods, and cysts in the ovaries. Most doctors advise the patients with the pelvic exam, blood tests, and ultrasound can confirm the diagnosis of PCOS and consult the patient to know if they have the symptoms including:
PERIODS WITH ABNORMALITIES: Irregular menstrual cycles are mostly seen in women with PCOS. They usually experience irregular, prolonged or infrequent menstrual cycles. If one has less than 9 periods in a year, very heavy periods or a cycle of more than 35 days, then it time to get alert about the body and see a doctor help with the condition.
CAUSES OF PCOS
The actual cause of the disease is unknown but researchers across the world have identified various reasons causing PCOS:
TYPES OF PCOS
The most essential part of the disease is to understand that there are different types of PCOS which can have different causes and symptoms, including:
TIP: Stopping sugar consumption. The high level of sugar contributes to insulin resistance. To prevent insulin resistance PCOS, one can take inositol. The recovery from this type of PCOS is a slow process with almost six to nine months needed to improve from.
One experiencing regular and normal periods before starting with the pills might have Pill-induced PCOS. Another symptom of this type of PCOS includes the increased levels of LH in the blood test.
Tip: Stressing won't help. One can stop the consumption of inflammatory foods like dairy products, sugar or wheat and start taking supplements of magnesium as it has anti-inflammatory effects. The process of recovery is slow and takes about nine months.
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